What is “Flat Foot”?”

The true ‘flat foot’ is very rare. In fact, less than 5% of the population have flat feet with no arch present whatsoever.

The majority of us have a normal to low arch. Only 5-10% have a high arch!

However, most people with a ‘normal- to-low’ arch actually suffer from ‘overpronation’ during walking, running and standing.

This means the foot may appear normal and a clear arch is present under the foot, especially when sitting down.

This siutation changes with weight bearing; with every step we take the arches collapse and the ankles roll inwards. This is called overpronation (or fallen arches). Pronation itself is not wrong because we need to pronate and supinate as part of our natural gait cycle. Pronation (rolling in) acts as a shock-absorbing mechanism and supination (rolling out) helps to propel our feet forward.

Overpronation occurs when we pronate too deep and/or for too long, not giving the foot a chance to ‘recover’ and supinate.

Therefore, overpronation hampers our natural walking pattern. It causes an imbalance and leads to wear and tear in several parts of the body with every step we take!

Whether you have a true flat foot or have a normal arch and suffer from overpronation (like 70% of the population) in both cases your poor walking pattern may contribute to a range of different complaints. Especially with age, poor aligment of the feet will cause very common conditions such as Heel Pain or Knee Pain.


What Causes Overpronation?

Overpronation has different causes. Obesity, pregnancy, age or standing/walking on hard surfaces for long periods of time can all weaken the arches, leading eventually to overpronation. Overpronation is also very common with athletes, especially runners and the majority nowadays use orthotics inside their sport shoes.

This condition contributes to a range of common complaints including:

  • Sore, aching feet
  • Ball of Foot Pain
  • Heel Pain
  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Flat feet/Fallen arches
  • Callous and corns
  • Bunions
  • Shin Splints/Pain
  • Tired, aching legs
  • Knee Pain
  • Lower Back Pain

The most effective treatment solution for overpronation is to wear an orthotic shoe insert. Footlogics orthotics correct overpronation, thereby providing natural, lasting pain relief to many aches and pains.

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